Abstract

The current study was performed to determine the prevalence of superficial fungal infections among patients who were living in Al-Nassiriya city, and were attending a private clinic. One hundred patients with ages range from (3-65 years) were tested for fungal skin infections using a microscope and laboratory designed for expected diagnostic methods. The Results demonstrated that 55% of patients had skin lesions followed by nail lesions (27%) and scalp lesions (18%). The Tinea corporis was the most common types of clinical ringworm infections followed by Tinea ungium and Tinea capitis, while Tinea pedis and Tinea incognito were the least frequent with same percentage. The dermatophytes infection was higher in females than males, where tineacorporis, and tinea unguium displayed higher infection rates in females while tinea capitis, and tinea manuum showed higher infections in males than females. Also, the results indicated Microsporumcanis was the most common etiological agent of dermatophyte infection followed by Trichophyton tonsurans, and Microsporumgypseum, while Trichophyton mentagrophyte was the least frequent of the isolated species. The findings of the current study demonstrated higher prevalence of dermatophytosis in Nasiriyah area. So the accurate and early diagnosis can help in successfully treatment of dermatophytosis and prevent complications.

References

  • Achterman, R. R., Smith, A. R., Oliver, B. G., & White, T. C. (2011). Sequenced dermatophyte strains: growth rate, conidiation, drug susceptibilities, and virulence in an invertebrate model. Fungal genetics and biology, 48(3), 335-341.
  • Al-Hmadani, A. H., Al-Dhalimi, M. A., &Alrufae, M. M. A. (2014).Epidemiologic study of dermatophytosis in Al-Najaf government. Al-Kufa University Journal for Biology, 6(1), 53-67.
  • Al-Janabi, S. J. (2006). Dermatophytes infection in Baghdad clinical and laboratory study (Doctoral dissertation, Ph. D. Thesis, College of Education.(Ibn-Al-Haitham) Univ. of Baghdad-Iraq).
  • Al-Khazaali, M. A. A. (2006). Happens of dermal fungi infections between population in Baquba City (Doctoral dissertation, MSc thesis. College of Education.Univ. of Diyala).
  • Dahdah, M. J., &Scher, R. K. (2008).Dermatophytes.Current Fungal Infection Reports, 2(2), 81.
  • Garg, J., Tilak, R., Garg, A., Prakash, P., Gulati, A. K., &Nath, G. (2009).Rapid detection of dermatophytes from skin and hair.BMC research notes, 2(1), 60.
  • Gupta, A. K., Bluhm, R., &Summerbell, R. (2002).Pityriasis versicolor. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 16(1), 19-33.
  • Havlickova, B., Czaika, V. A., & Friedrich, M. (2008). Epidemiological trends in skin mycoses worldwide. Mycoses, 51, 2-15.
  • Hay, R.J.,&Adrians, B.M. (1998).Bacterial textbook of dermatology.(Vol.2.). (6th. Ed.). Blackwell science.
  • Jawad K., Abed Ali, F. H., Al-Janabi, J. K., &Alhattab, M. K. (2017).Prevalence of dermatophyte fungal infection in Hillah, Iraq. International Journal of Chem. Tech. Research, 10(6), 827-837.
  • Koneman, E. W., Roberts, G. D., & Wright, S. E. (1978).Practical Laboratory mycology, 2nd end.The Williams and Wilkins Co. Baltimore.
  • Kwon-Chung, K. J., & Bennett, J. E. (1992).Medical mycology.Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 34(6), 504-504.
  • Nader, N. A., & Alsayed, R. S. (2016). Net-Zero Energy Building–Case Study Al Khobar City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research, 5(4), 70-78.
  • Najem, M. H., Al-Salhi, M. H., & Hamim, S. S. (2016). Study of dermatophytosis prevalence in Al-Nassiriyah city− Iraq. World J Pharm Sci, 4, 166-172.
  • Ndako, J., Osemwegie, O. O., Spencer, T. H. I., Olopade, B. K., Yunusa, G. A., & Banda, J. (2012). Prevalence of dermatophytes and other associated fungi among school children. Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 1(3), 49-56.
  • Rippon G. W. (1988).Medical mycology.3rdEdition .W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA.
  • Rodwell, G. E., Bayles, C. L., Towersey, L., & Aly, R. (2008). The prevalence of dermatophyte infection in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. International journal of dermatology, 47(4), 339-343.
  • Summerbell, R. C. (2011). Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton, and agents of superficial mycoses.In Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 10th Edition (pp. 1919-1942).American Society of Microbiology.
  • Zagnoli, A., Chevalier, B., & Sassolas, B. (2005).Dermatophytieset dermatophytes. EMC-Pédiatrie, 2(1), 96-115.
  • Zarrin, M., Poosashkan, M., Mahmoudabadi, A., &Mapar, M. (2011).Prevalence of superficial fungal infection in primary School Children in Ahvaz, Iran. Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 4(1), 89-92.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.