Current state of ecosystems and their recreational use of the Burabai National Park (Northern Kazakhstan)


The subject of study is the area of the Burabai National Park (53°05’00”N 70°18’00”W) located in the north of Kazakhstan. The article considers the current state of the many natural features of unique park which is included in the national system of specially protected areas. The Park is characterized by atypical mountain-forest landscapes with, for a steppe zone, a high biological diversity, which is a direct result of the area’s geological and geomorphological structure. The central part of the Park is located within the Borovskoy granite massif which is of Middle-Paleozoic origin, with a ring system of faults with which the low-mountain, low-relief relief is associated. The low-mountain topography and rock lithology determine the area’s climate and forest growth. Thus, the geological and geomorphological diversity which is seen here and which is associated with the island’s low mountains and low hills is an important natural factor underlying the landscape diversity. The main objects of geodiversity are individual mountains and cliff rocks of unique and unusual formation, which are included in the national list of natural monuments. The lakes which are of tectonic origin and which are limited to the zones of ring faults are also unique. This made it possible to consider the leading and interrelated components of the natural environment: geological structure; relief; surface water; and soil and vegetation cover. Based on the research carried out, a number of recommendations have been developed which will assist in sustainable nature management with the priority of developing recreation and tourism.


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