COVID-19 knowledge, attitude and practice among medical undergraduate students in Baghdad City

Abstract

Background: Exceptional procedures have been adopted by many countries to stem ongoing spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. The individuals’ adherence for the preventive and control measures are largely influenced by their knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19. The current study aimed to investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical undergraduate students within Baghdad City towards COVID-19.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1380 medical students were surveyed online using developed, validated and piloted questionnaire during two week period. Unpaired t-test and One Way ANOVA test were used to assess the association between students’ general knowledge, attitudes, practice, and satisfaction to their demographic characteristics.
Results: The overall score of students’ knowledge about COVID-19 is 91.8% that relied mainly from social media as source of information (36%). More than 90% and three quarters of students have positive attitude and practicing preventive measures towards COVID-19. More than half of students are satisfied with roles played by local health authorities to combat COVID-19. Significant differences were observed among students’ KAP with satisfaction and most of their demographic characteristics particularly medical branch of study (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Medical students in Baghdad City had generally a higher level of knowledge, possess a positive attitude, and performed a good practice and proactive behaviors of preventive measures towards COVID-19. However, the students were moderately satisfied about the defeating role of the local health authorities towards the illness, hence, our results could be helpful for local health authorities in their awareness campaigns to stem current outbreak.

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