Due to the increased world demand for soybean products, Kazakhstan farms sharply increased soybean production. At the same time, there were problems with the safety of products, the lack of special equipment for its storage due to the rather difficult weather conditions. When collected in such weather, it is impossible to wear even during the night, as this can lead to self-heating and, as a result, to a decrease in quality and losses. In addition, the newly harvested grain must ripen for 3-4 weeks. This process is characterized by the release of water and the absorption of heat. At this time, the grain must be well ventilated, otherwise it spoils from the accumulation of moisture. Finally, at high humidity and temperature, the grain may begin to germinate, which is associated with the consumption of carbohydrates, proteins, fats. Along with this, rodents and birds cause great damage. The object of the study is the process of storing soybeans in containers with active ventilation. It is proposed to use widely used containers of various capacities.
The aim of the study is to provide scientific substantiation of main parameters of the container-modular equipment for the storage of soybeans with active ventilation in conditions of farms.
To substantiate the 20, 30, 40 ton container-modular equipment for the storage of soybeans with active ventilation in farm conditions, the method of calculating the intake units is adopted. This is a classic method of selecting a pneumatic transporter with nominal parameters, as well as the least squares method using the MATLAB program, which is necessary for obtaining optimal equipment parameters.
As a result of the research, proposed container-modular soybean storage technology with active ventilation in farm conditions in counting per standard 40, 20, 10 t containers.


  • Atykhanov AK, Karaivanov DP, Duisenova ShT (September 24, 2018) Patent for utility model №3135 of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Equipment for storage of grain masses with active ventilation KZ (13) U (11) 3135.
  • Bednárová D (2009) Metóda ortogonálnej regresie a jej aplikácia v modelovaní a riadení, PhD Thesis, Faculty of BERG, TUKE (in Slovak).
  • Economy newspaper (July 20, 2018) Kazakhstan annually increases the area of soybean crops.
  • GOST 13586.5-2015 Grain. Method for determination of humidity (with correction) MKS 67.060. Introduction date 2016-07-01.
  • Malis AYa (1969) Pneumatic transport of bulk materials.
  • Maron FP, Kuzmin AV (1977) Handbook of calculations of the mechanisms of hoisting-and-transport machines. Minsk.
  • Mills D (2004) Pneumatic conveying design guide, Second edition. Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.
  • Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan (June 26, 2015) On approval of the Rules for the storage of grain. Order of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 4-1/573. Registered in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan on August 4, 2015 № 11839.
  • Singh, G (2014) Soybean-biology, production, use. Kiev: “Zerno” Publishing House.
  • Spivakovsky AO, Dyachkov VK (1983) Transporting machines.
  • Vdovenko OP (1966) Pneumatic transport in the chemical industry.
  • Yukish AE, Ilyina OA (2009) Technique and technology of grain storage. DeLi, 2009.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.