AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Hosseini M, Masoud F, Saeed A, Farahnaz M, Saeid M. Combating with ageism in care settings: A qualitative study. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1), 1071-1077.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Hosseini et al., 2020)
Reference: Hosseini, M., Masoud, F., Saeed, A., Farahnaz, M., & Saeid, M. (2020). Combating with ageism in care settings: A qualitative study. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), 1071-1077.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Hosseini et al., 2020)
Reference: Hosseini, Mohammad-Ali, Fallahi-Khoshknab Masoud, Akbari-Zardkhaneh Saeed, Mohammadi-Shahbelaghi Farahnaz, and Mehri Saeid. "Combating with ageism in care settings: A qualitative study". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2020 14 no. 1 (2020): 1071-1077.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Hosseini et al., 2020)
Reference: Hosseini, M., Masoud, F., Saeed, A., Farahnaz, M., and Saeid, M. (2020). Combating with ageism in care settings: A qualitative study. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), pp. 1071-1077.

MLA
In-text citation: (Hosseini et al., 2020)
Reference: Hosseini, Mohammad-Ali et al. "Combating with ageism in care settings: A qualitative study". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 14, no. 1, 2020, pp. 1071-1077.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Hosseini M, Masoud F, Saeed A, Farahnaz M, Saeid M. Combating with ageism in care settings: A qualitative study. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1):1071-7.

Abstract

This study was conducted to collect and explore the experiences of hospital caregivers about strategies to deal with ageism in care settings. This qualitative research used conventional content analysis. Twelve nurses and physicians in Tehran hospitals were selected by purposeful sampling method and entered the study after data saturation. The study data were collected using in-depth and semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed verbatim. The obtained data were analyzed with Hsieh and Shannon approach. After analyses of the interviews, 640 primary codes were extracted, which resulted in the emergence of two main categories of “caregiving is worthwhile” with four subcategories (Not considering caregiving a useless task, Not considering more valuable dead older people over alive ones, Not considering caregiving costly, Motivation for caregiving) and “caregiving is sensitive “with three subcategories (Being sensitive to the health of older people, Supervising and follow up, Education and culture-building). According to the study results, caregivers believed that the valuation of caregiving and being sensitive to caregiving were the most important strategies to deal with ageism in care settings. Therefore, health care decision-makers and authorities can reduce the likelihood of discrimination in the care provided to the elderlies by proper policy-making to promote caregivers’ attitudes towards the worthwhileness and sensitiveness of caregiving.

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