Chewing lice parasitic on migratory aquatic birds in Al-Delmaj marsh/ Iraq
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2019 - Volume 13 Issue 1, pp. 555-559
  • Published Online: 12 May 2019
  • Article Views: 23 | Article Download: 20
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Al-Aredhi HS, Al-Mayali HM. Chewing lice parasitic on migratory aquatic birds in Al-Delmaj marsh/ Iraq. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1), 555-559.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Al-Aredhi & Al-Mayali, 2019)
Reference: Al-Aredhi, H. S., & Al-Mayali, H. M. (2019). Chewing lice parasitic on migratory aquatic birds in Al-Delmaj marsh/ Iraq. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), 555-559.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Al-Aredhi and Al-Mayali, 2019)
Reference: Al-Aredhi, Hussam Saeed, and Hadi Madlool Al-Mayali. "Chewing lice parasitic on migratory aquatic birds in Al-Delmaj marsh/ Iraq". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 1 (2019): 555-559.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Al-Aredhi and Al-Mayali, 2019)
Reference: Al-Aredhi, H. S., and Al-Mayali, H. M. (2019). Chewing lice parasitic on migratory aquatic birds in Al-Delmaj marsh/ Iraq. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), pp. 555-559.

MLA
In-text citation: (Al-Aredhi and Al-Mayali, 2019)
Reference: Al-Aredhi, Hussam Saeed et al. "Chewing lice parasitic on migratory aquatic birds in Al-Delmaj marsh/ Iraq". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 2019, pp. 555-559.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Al-Aredhi HS, Al-Mayali HM. Chewing lice parasitic on migratory aquatic birds in Al-Delmaj marsh/ Iraq. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1):555-9.

Abstract

This study was conducted to detect the chewing lice infested migratory aquatic birds in Al-Dalmaj marsh during the period from October 2017 to March 2018, for this aim 154 birds specimens belonging to 11 bird species were examined for the chewing lice infestation. Results of the current study showed recorded nine species of ectoparasites were: Menacanthus stramineus (37.01%), Menacanthus corntus (18.18%) Menacanthus eurysternus (11.04%), Menopon gallinae (18.18%), Trinoton querquedulae (5.84%) Columbicola columbae (8.44%) Aaticola crasssicorins (3.90%), Fulicoffula gallinule (3.25%) and Saemundssonia lari (2.69%), two species of them recorded for the first time in Iraq were: M. eurysternus and T. querquedulae. No significant differences between males and females birds in infested with ectoparasites, while the infestation percentage of ectoparasites significantly decreased with weight increase at level (P ≤ 0.05). The double infestation was the highest with a significant difference followed by single infestation then the triple infestation.

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