Chewing lice parasitic on little egret Egretta garzetta birds collected from Al-Diwaniyah Province, Iraq
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 1915-1918
  • Published Online: 30 Jun 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine chewing lice species of Little egret (Egretta garzetta) birds for the period from April until July 2019 for this aim a total of 89 specimens were collected from different parts in Al-Diwaniyah province /Iraq. Five species of chewing lice recorded in this study were: Ciconiphilus decimfasciatus, Pseudomenopon pilosum, Ardeicola expallidus, Menopon galline and Austromenopon transversum. Results of this study showed no significant differences were recorded at (P ≥ 0.05) between both genders of birds in infestation rate with chewing lice while a significant differences was recorded at (P≤0.05) in infestation type, the double infestation was the highest (47.05%) followed by single and triple infestation rate (35.29) and (17.64) respectively.

References

  • Abul-hab J (1975) Biting lice of chickens and pigeons in Baghdad area. Bull. Bio. Res. Cen. Publ. No. 4: 1-36.
  • Al-Aredhi HS, Al-Mayali HM (2019) Chewing lice parasitic on migratory aquatic birds in Al-Delmaj marsh/ Iraq. EurAsian J, BioSci. 13(1): 555-559.
  • Al-Barwari S, Saeed I (2012) Parasitosis of the Chukar Partridge, Alectoris chukar in North Iraq. Turkiye. Parazitol. Derg 36: 240-246. https://doi.org/10.5152/tpd.2012.57
  • Allouse BA (1960) Birds of Iraq. Vol. 1. Baghdad: ArRabita Press PP 213. (In Arabic).
  • Al-Rawi KM (1984) Introduction to Statistcs. Coll. Agri. Univ. Mosul. 496 pp. (In Arabic).
  • Dik B, Halajian (2013) Chewing lice (phthiraptera) of several species of wild birds in Iran, with new records. J. Arth. Dis., 7: 83-89.
  • Dik B, Hugul F, Ceylan O (2017) Chewing lice (Phthiraptera: Amblycera, Ischnocera) of some aquatic birds in Konya province, Turkey, new records for Turkish fauna. Ankara Üniv. Vet. Fak. Derg., 64: 307-312. https://doi.org/10.1501/Vetfak_0000002814
  • Dik B, Yamac EE, Uslu U (2011) Chewing lice Phithiraptera found in wild birds in Turkey, Kafkas Univ. Vet. Fak. Derg. 175: 787-794.
  • Dovc A, Zorman-Rojs O, Vergles RA, Bole HV, Krapez V, Dobeic M (2004) Health status of Free- living pigeon (Columba livia) in the city of Ljubljana. Acta. Vet. Hung., 52 (2): 26-219.
  • Felso B, Rosa L (2006) Reduced taxonomic richness of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) in diving birds. J. Parasitol 92: 867-869.
  • Ford PL, Fagerlund RA, Duszynski DW, Polechla PJ (2004) Fleas and lice of Mammals in New Mexico. USA forest service RMRS. GTR. 12. https://doi.org/10.2737/RMRS-GTR-123
  • Frantovo D (2000) Some parasitic nematodes of birds (Aves) in the Czech Republic. Acta. Soc. Zoll. Zoolo. Bohemicae., 66(1): 13-28
  • Ghaseminia F, Daneshian J, Soleimany B, Afghah M (2016) The Role of Stratigraphy in Growth Strata Studies: A Case Study from the Middle-Late Cretaceous Deposits in Persian Gulf, SW Iran. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 5(12): 249-258.
  • Hamza HM, Marhoon IA, Nema HJ (2011) Chewing Lice (Mallophaga) Parasitic on Pycnonotus leucotis in Al- Diwaniya city. Ibn Al- Haitham J. for Pure & Appl. Sci. 24 (1).
  • Hatem A, Kareem D, Muhsen E (2017) Chewing lice of some aquatic birds from Basrah Province, Iraq. Int. J. Biosci.11(4): 304-311. https://doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.4.304-311
  • Horak I, Gallivan G, Braack L, Boomker J, Devos V (2005) Parasities of domestic and wild animals in south Africa. XLI. Arthropod parasites of impalas, Aepyceros melampus, in the Kruger National park. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res., 70(2): 131-63.
  • Khalaf KT (1959) A collection of insects from Iraq, Univ. of Baghdad, Coll. Sci. Iraqi. Nat. Hist., Publication No (17): 17 pp.
  • Mohammad ZAA (2014) Ectoparasites and helminthes of some aquatic birds in Al-Sanaf Marsh, southern Thi-Qar province / Iraq. PhD Thesis, Coll. Educ. Univ. Basrah. 218 pp.
  • Permin A, Esmann JB, Hoj CH, Hove T, Mukaratirwa S (2002) Ecto-endo and haemoparasites in free-range chickens in the Goromanzi district in Zimbabwe. Prev. Vet. Med., 54(3): 213-24.
  • Permin A, Hansen JW (1998) Epidemiology, diagnosis and control of poultry parasites FAO Animal Health Manuals4. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO): 160.
  • Price RD, Helenthal RA, Plame RL (2003) World checklist of chewing lice with host association and keys to families and genera: 1-484.
  • Saxena AK, Agarwal GP, Chandra S, Singh OP (1985) Pathogenic involvement of Mallophaga. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie. 99(1‐5): 294-301.‏ https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1985.tb01991.x
  • Temimi I, Marniche F, Lazli A, Milla A, Dik B (2017) the study of the parasites of the bird Egretta garzetta (Linnaeus, 1766) (AVES: ARDEIDAE) IN northeastern wetlands of Algeria. Oltenia J. Studies Nat. Sci. 33(1): 65-68.
  • Whiteman NK, Parker PG (2004) Effects of host sociality on ectoparasite population biology. J. parasitol. 9(5): 93947.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.