Characteristics of mangrove honey from the Komodo National Park Area and Kubu Raya Protected Forest
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2019 - Volume 13 Issue 2, pp. 2407-2415
  • Published Online: 22 Dec 2019
  • Article Views: 301 | Article Download: 264
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Adalina Y, Heryati Y. Characteristics of mangrove honey from the Komodo National Park Area and Kubu Raya Protected Forest. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 2407-2415.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Adalina & Heryati, 2019)
Reference: Adalina, Y., & Heryati, Y. (2019). Characteristics of mangrove honey from the Komodo National Park Area and Kubu Raya Protected Forest. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 2407-2415.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Adalina and Heryati, 2019)
Reference: Adalina, Yelin, and Yetti Heryati. "Characteristics of mangrove honey from the Komodo National Park Area and Kubu Raya Protected Forest". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 2407-2415.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Adalina and Heryati, 2019)
Reference: Adalina, Y., and Heryati, Y. (2019). Characteristics of mangrove honey from the Komodo National Park Area and Kubu Raya Protected Forest. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 2407-2415.

MLA
In-text citation: (Adalina and Heryati, 2019)
Reference: Adalina, Yelin et al. "Characteristics of mangrove honey from the Komodo National Park Area and Kubu Raya Protected Forest". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 2407-2415.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Adalina Y, Heryati Y. Characteristics of mangrove honey from the Komodo National Park Area and Kubu Raya Protected Forest. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):2407-15.

Abstract

Honey is a naturally sweet liquid, derived from flower nectar collected by honey bees. Honey bees for their survival require food in the form of nectar and pollen. Most of the mangrove flora has flowers that contain nectar and pollen needed by bees as a source of feed. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of mangrove honey from the species Trigona itama and Apis dorsata, including water content, pH value, color intensity, acidity, total reducing sugars, hidroksimetilfurfural levels and active compound content. The honey sampling was carried out by purposive sampling method, which were 2 samples of honey from the Komodo National Park, East Nusa Tenggara Province and 2 honey samples from the Kubu Raya Protection Forest, West Kalimantan Province. The results showed that the water content, color intensity, and acidity of the Trigona itama bee mangrove honey were higher than the A.dorsata bee mangrove honey. Mangrove honey from A.dorsata bee wass light amber with an intensity value of 51 - 67 mm Pfund, while Trigona honey bee was amber with an intensity value of 101 mm Pfund. All honey samples have a water content exceeding the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) 8664-2018, while the acidity and hidroksimetilfurfiral (HMF) levels meet the SNI. Low pH value is 3.0 - 4.8. Total sugar reducing levels of A.dorsata mangrove honey from Komodo National Park and Trigona itama mangrove honey from Kubu Raya Protected Forest meet SNI, while A dorsata bee honey from Kubu Raya Protected Forest does not meet SNI. The results of phytochemical analysis, mangrove honey contains saponin compounds that have the potential as an antibacterial and flavonoids that have the potential as antioxidants. Mangrove honey obtained from both harvesting areas and different types of bees have different physical-chemical characteristics of honey, depending on the biophysical conditions of the harvesting area.

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