Eurasian Journal of Biosciences

Characteristic aspects of patriotic education of the student youth at the border of two cultures (The Russian and the Dagestanian) in the late 19th - early 20th centuries


The topic under research is highly relevant as patriotism is a historical phenomenon, and a central role in patriotic education belongs to learning the historical past of our “big” and “small” Motherlands. Front and foremost for this paper is the determination to ensure the historical succession of generations and promote respectful attitude to the historical and cultural heritage of the peoples of Russia and Dagestan. In connection therewith, the intent of this paper is to instill patriotism in the student youth at the border of two cultures, the Russian and the Dagestanian, and on this foundation to foster their patriotic consciousness, strengthen their sense of inclusion and raise their awareness of the historical and cultural community among the peoples of Russia and Dagestan. The leading approach to examining this topic was a theoretical cognition method allowing for a comprehensive review of the problem under research. This paper reveals the essence and content of the notions patriotism and culture; overviews distinct characteristics of the Russian culture in the late 19th - early 20th centuries; describes ethno-social conditions and unique features of the Republic of Dagestan; examines the ties and the relationships between Russia and Dagestan; shows the impact the Russian culture has had on the culture of the peoples of Dagestan within a new cultural space.


  • Abdulaeva MS (2009) Impact of Russian culture on spiritual life of the peoples of Dagestan in the second half of 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. Makhachkala.
  • Abdullaev MA (1995) From cultural-philosophical heritage of Dagestan. Makhachkala: Jupiter.
  • Agaev AG (1974) Socialist national culture. Moscow: Politizdat.
  • Akhmedov DN, Vagabov MV, Magomedov MM (1971). Dagestan, May 14, 1970. Makhachkala: Dagestanian publishing house.
  • Akishina EM, Sudakova YE, Prokopyev AI, Yakubenko KY, Solovyeva NA, Korzhuev AV (2017) System of cultural experience development of humanities students in modern information media conditions. Man in India, 97(14):115-127.
  • Alieva SA (2017) Scientific-methodological and applied foundations of the military-patriotic education of senior school students. Moscow: Perspective.
  • Alieva SA, Abdurazakova DM, Zakariyaeva SZ, Omarov ON, Radzhabova RV, Barsukaeva MH (2018a) Pedagogical technologies for promoting value-based attitude to patriotism among senior school students while boosting their social initiative and proactivity. The Turkish Online Journal of Desing, Art and Communication, 8: 1866-1871. ISSN: 2146-5193
  • Alieva SA, Bilalov MK, Gadzhiev RD, Radzhabov RV, Salmanova DA (2018b) Pedagogical technology for measuring patriotism among senior school students while boosting their social engagement and initiative. ISSER ISSB: B.099108 Journal of Social Studie Education Social Bilgiler Egidimi Frashirmabarf Dergi, 9(2): 329-348. ISSER ISSN: 13.09-9108.
  • Alieva SA, Zakariyaeva SZ, Omarov ON, Radzhabova RV, Kimpaeva EK, Gadzhieva RD (2019) Scientific - pedagogical framework of civic-patriotic education of students. Journal of Education and Social Research, 9(3): 160-169.
  • Avdeev VA, Avdeeva OA, Shagieva RV, Smirnova VV, Mashkin NA, Taradonov SV (2019) The mechanism of legal regulation in the conditions of globalization and formation of information environment. Regional aspect. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 10(7): 1517–152.
  • Berdyaev NA (1971) About national relationships. Мoscow: EXMO-Press.
  • Gadzhiev AG-S (1966) Impact of Dagestan accession to Russia on the development of education and culture. Makhachkala: Daguchpedgiz.
  • Gadzhiev VG (1965) The role of Russia in the history of Dagestan. Moscow: Nauka.
  • Gasanov ZT (1999) Pedagogy of international communication. Makhachkala.
  • Kaymarazov GS (1970) The history of public education and science in the national republics and regions of the North Caucasus (1920-1940). Scientific records (social sciences series), Vol. XX: 27-57.
  • Kaymarazov GSh (1971) Notes on the history of culture of the peoples of Dagestan. From accession to Russia till present days. Moscow: Nauka.
  • Khairullina ER, Shubovich MM, Bogdanova VI, Slepneva EV, Mashkin NA, Rodyukova TN (2020) Modern student youth civic identity: Political activity or social responsibility? Opcion, 36(Special Edition 27): 1703–1717.
  • Kovalenko MM (1980) Laws and customs in the Caucasus. Мoscow: Printing house A. I. Mamontov and Co.
  • Kusheva EN (1963) The peoples of the North Caucasus and their relationships with Russia (second half of the 16th century - 30s of the 18th century). Мoscow: Publishing house of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
  • Kuzembayeva G, Zhumakhanova A, Kulinich M, Sinyachkin V, Maydangalieva Z (2019) Nobility in the linguistic consciousness of Russians and Kazakhs. XLinguae, 12(4): 30-40.
  • Kuznetsova NV, Soloviev AA, Botasheva LKh, Lebedev IA, Sarkisyan KS, Kurdyumov V I, Chistyakov KA, Prokopyev AI (2018) Bachelors safety culture formation in the field of environmental protection. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 12(2): 157-166.
  • Magomedov RM (1977) Trip around the auls of Dagestan. Makhachkala: Daguchpedgiz.
  • Makarina OD (2009) The issues of national and universal nature in the workings of V.S. Soloviev and N.A. Berdyaev. The Bulletin of Murmansk State Technical University
  • Mutavchi EP, Prokopyev AI, Kostyleva GV, Blinov LV, Fedorov VV, Polichka AE (2018) Scientific-methodical resources of student training and vocational motivation development in university. Espacios, 39(20): 15.
  • National Doctrine (2000) National Doctrine of Education in the Russian Federation till 2025. URL:
  • Ozhegov SI (1999) Explanatory dictionary of Russian language. Мoscow: Az.
  • Raduzhna AA (1999) Culturolgy. Moscow: Centre.
  • Terentiy MA (1978) Theory and practice of patriotic education of the young generation. Kishinev: Stipnitsa.
  • Yusufov RF (1964) Dagestan and Russian literature in the end of 18th century and the first half of 19th century. Moscow: Nauka.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.