Biological study of Piper crocatum leaves ethanol extract improving the skin histopathology of wistar rat wound infected by Staphylococcus aureus
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Wurlina, Meles DK, Anom Adnyana IDP, Sasmita R, Putri C. Biological study of Piper crocatum leaves ethanol extract improving the skin histopathology of wistar rat wound infected by Staphylococcus aureus. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1), 219-221.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Wurlina et al., 2019)
Reference: Wurlina, Meles, D. K., Anom Adnyana, I. D. P., Sasmita, R., & Putri, C. (2019). Biological study of Piper crocatum leaves ethanol extract improving the skin histopathology of wistar rat wound infected by Staphylococcus aureus. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), 219-221.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Wurlina et al., 2019)
Reference: Wurlina, Dewa Ketut Meles, I Dewa Putu Anom Adnyana, Rochiman Sasmita, and Cempaka Putri. "Biological study of Piper crocatum leaves ethanol extract improving the skin histopathology of wistar rat wound infected by Staphylococcus aureus". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 1 (2019): 219-221.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Wurlina et al., 2019)
Reference: Wurlina, Meles, D. K., Anom Adnyana, I. D. P., Sasmita, R., and Putri, C. (2019). Biological study of Piper crocatum leaves ethanol extract improving the skin histopathology of wistar rat wound infected by Staphylococcus aureus. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), pp. 219-221.

MLA
In-text citation: (Wurlina et al., 2019)
Reference: Wurlina et al. "Biological study of Piper crocatum leaves ethanol extract improving the skin histopathology of wistar rat wound infected by Staphylococcus aureus". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 2019, pp. 219-221.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Wurlina, Meles DK, Anom Adnyana IDP, Sasmita R, Putri C. Biological study of Piper crocatum leaves ethanol extract improving the skin histopathology of wistar rat wound infected by Staphylococcus aureus. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1):219-21.

Abstract

The wound is a continuous damage on mucosal membrane or bone and another organ which cause a traumatic effect. This biological study aim was to investigate the effect of red betel leaves ethanol extract (Piper crocatum) to the skin histopathology of Wistar rat infected by Staphylococcus aureus. The experimental research used Randomized Post Test. Wistar male rats were divided into 5 group: P0 (control), P1 (Povidone iodine), P2 (50% of P. crocatum leaves extract), P3 (25% of P. crocatum leaves extract), and P4 (12.5% of P. crocatum leaves extract). The number of neutrophils, macrophage, fibroblast, and angiogenesis were analyzed by ANOVA and LSD. Collagen density was analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test. This study proved that P4 group (12.5% of P. crocatum leaves extract) improved the skin histopathology of rat wound infected by S. aureus.

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