In order to evaluate the stability of potato tuber marketable using AMMI and GGE bi-plot models a randomized complete block design was conducted with three replications in two years (2017-18) and three regions: Ardabil, Karaj and Hamadan. The results of combined analysis of variance showed that for the simple effects of region, year × genotype, the effect of location × year was significant at 1% probability level. Considering the significant effect of year-to-year interactions on genotype of consumer tuberculosis sustainability criteria using type 1 and 4 of stability determined. Based on parameters with the concept of stability dynamics, hybrids 6 and 12-Kaiser were selected as stable genotypes and hybrids 4 and 10 as unstable genotypes. Since the interaction between year and clones was significant, AMMI method was used to select stable genotypes. The results of AMMI analysis showed that E1 environment (Ardabil) genotypes 1, 4 and 8 as high yielding and stable, genotypes 3, 6, 12 and 13 as stable and low-yield, genotypes No. 2 and 5 as unstable and high-yielding, and genotypes, 7, 10 and 11 were identified as unstable and low product. The results of GGE Bi-plot method showed that the decomposition into first and second principal components was 52.44 and 21.86% explained the percentage change that indicates the relative validity of the GGE change Bi-plot. Based on the Biplot results of cultivars 1, 2, 4, 5 and 8 with mean values of 34.65, 32.42, 32.37 34.4 and 36.91 ton / ha had the highest marketable tuber yield, respectively. Genotypes 4 were the closest cultivar to the ideal genotype that had the highest marketable tuber yield and stability due to being close to the mean environment. Cultures No. 1, 2, 5 and 8 as desirable genotypes. In this experiment, GGE Bi-plot and AMMI models were identified as a suitable method for simultaneous selection of marketable and stable tuber yield and were able to select genotype 4 as a stable cultivar with high marketable tuber yield.


  • Arzehgar, Z., Azizkhani, V., Sajjadifar, S., Fekri, M. (2019). Synthesis of 2-Amino-4H-chromene Derivatives under Solvent-Free Condition Using MOF-5. Chemical Methodologies, 3(2), 251-260.
  • Eberhart, S.A., and Russell, W.A. 1966. Stability parameter for comparing varieties. Crop Sciences 6: 36-40.
  • FAOSTAT (2017). Available at: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC (accessed June 6, 2018).
  • Finlay, K. W. and Wilkinson, G. N. 1963. The analysis of adaptation in a plant breeding program. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 14: 742-754.
  • Francis, T.R., and L.W. Kannenberg. 1978. Yield stability studies in short season maize. I. A descriptive method for grouping genotypes. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 58: 1029-1034.
  • Hasanpanah Davood and Hassan Hassanabadi. 2011. Evaluation of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of promising potato clones in Ardabil region, Iran. Agroecology Journal. 7(1):37-48
  • Hassanabadi, H., Mousapour Gorji, A., Hassanpanah, D., Ahmadvand, R., Parvizi, K., Kazemi, M., Hajianfar, R., and Abdi, H. R. 2013. Khavarn, potato new cultivar with high yield and good quality. Journal of Research Achievements for Field and Horticulture Crops 2(1): 67-79 (in Persian)
  • Hon, W. C., Griffith, M., Mlynarz, A., Kwok, Y. C. and Yang, D. S. C. 1995. Antifreeze proteins in winter rye are similar to pathogenesis-related proteins. Plant Physiology 109: 879-889.
  • Izanloo, A., H. Zeinali, G.A. Husseinzade and N. Majnoon Husseini. 2002. The best indicator of drought tolerance in soybean cultivars. The seventh key papers Crop Science Congress. Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, 533-544 (In Persian).
  • Jamshidi Moghadam, M., H. Pakniat and E. Farshadfar. 2007. Evaluation of drought tolerance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Lines Using Agro-Physiologic Characteristics. Seed and Plant, 23: 325-342 (In Persian).
  • Kannenberg, L.W. and Hunter, R.B. 1992. Yielding ability and competitive influence in hybrid mixtures of maize. Crop Science. 12: 271-277.
  • Khalil Zadeh, Gh.R. and H. Karbalai Khiyav. 2002. Effects of drought and heat stress on advanced lines of durum wheat. 7th Congress of Agronomy and Plant Breeding of Iran. Agricultural Education Publishing. P: 563-564.
  • Lin, C. S., and Binns, M. R. 1989. Comparison of unpredictable environmental variation generated by year and by seeding-time factors for measuring type 4 stability. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 78: 61-64.
  • Lin, C.S. and Binns, M.R. 1988. A method of analyzing cultivar×location×year experiments: A new stability parameter. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 76: 425-430.
  • Lin, C.S., and M.R. Binns. 1991. Genetic properties of four types of stability parameters. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 82:505-509.
  • Moghaddaszadeh M, Asghari Zakaria R, Hassanpanah D, Zare N. 2018. Non-Parametric Stability Analysis of Tuber Yield in Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Genotypes. Journal of Crop Breeding. 10(28):50-63.
  • Mousavi, M.S.H., Tobeh, A., Hassanpanah, D. and Hosseinzadeh, A. 2014. Evaluation of drought tolerance of advanced potato clones and Agria cultivar using drought sensitivity and tolerance Indicators. First Electronic Conference on New Findings in the Environment and Agricultural Ecosystem. 12 pp.
  • Naderi Darbagshahi, M. R., G. Nour Mohammadi, E, Majidi, F. Darvish. A. H. Shirani Rad and H. Madani. 2004. Effect of drought stress and plant density on ecophysiological traits of three safflower lines in summer planting in Isfahan. Seed and Plant J. 20(3): 281-296. (In Persian with English abstract)
  • Najaf Zadeh and A. Ehsanpour. 2012. Effect of drought stress on some physiological parameters of two potato cultivars (Kenebec and Concord) under in vitro culture condition. Arid Biome. 2(1):70-82.
  • Rommer, T. H. 1947. Sind die ertagsreichen sorten ertagssicher? Mitt. DLG, 32: 87-89.
  • Sadeghzadeh-Ahari, D. (2006). Evaluation for tolerance to drought stress in dry land promising durum wheat genotype. Crop Science, 8(1), 30-45.
  • Shukla G.K. (1972), Some aspects of partitioning genotype-environmental components of variability, Heredity, 29: 237-245.
  • Wricke, G. 1962. Uber eine methode zur erfassung der olologischen terubretic in feld versuchen. Pflanzuecht. 47:92-96.
  • Zeiachehreh, M., Tobeh, A., Hassanpanah, D. Y. Jahani. 2015. Investigation and selection of potato cultivars with limited irrigation stress to prevent from tuber yield reduction in economic range based on tolerance and sensitivity indicators to field conditions. Second National Conference on Conservation of Natural Resources and Environment, Ardabil, Mohaghegh Ardabili University.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.