AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Mohamadi S, Borhani F, Nikravan-Mofrad M, Abbaszadeh A, Monajemi F, Moghaddam HR. Assessing of the learning needs of nurses in medical and surgical and emergency wards: nursing continuing education requirements. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 695-700.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Mohamadi et al., 2019)
Reference: Mohamadi, S., Borhani, F., Nikravan-Mofrad, M., Abbaszadeh, A., Monajemi, F., & Moghaddam, H. R. (2019). Assessing of the learning needs of nurses in medical and surgical and emergency wards: nursing continuing education requirements. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 695-700.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Mohamadi et al., 2019)
Reference: Mohamadi, Shamaneh, Fariba Borhani, Malahat Nikravan-Mofrad, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Farshid Monajemi, and Hossein Roohi Moghaddam. "Assessing of the learning needs of nurses in medical and surgical and emergency wards: nursing continuing education requirements". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 695-700.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Mohamadi et al., 2019)
Reference: Mohamadi, S., Borhani, F., Nikravan-Mofrad, M., Abbaszadeh, A., Monajemi, F., and Moghaddam, H. R. (2019). Assessing of the learning needs of nurses in medical and surgical and emergency wards: nursing continuing education requirements. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 695-700.

MLA
In-text citation: (Mohamadi et al., 2019)
Reference: Mohamadi, Shamaneh et al. "Assessing of the learning needs of nurses in medical and surgical and emergency wards: nursing continuing education requirements". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 695-700.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Mohamadi S, Borhani F, Nikravan-Mofrad M, Abbaszadeh A, Monajemi F, Moghaddam HR. Assessing of the learning needs of nurses in medical and surgical and emergency wards: nursing continuing education requirements. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):695-700.

Abstract

Introduction: Continuing education (CE) is increasingly needed for nurses to keep pace with the rapid changes in patient care. A Learning Need Assessment (LNA) is a systematic approach to examining what individuals or groups need to learn. LNAs are often associated primarily with continuing education. Current CE programs are not well designed for showing nurses’ learning needs. Few programs are underpinned by needs analysis in some countries.
Design and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the learning needs of clinically based nurses within medical, surgical and emergency units in Tehran (capital of Iran) hospitals. Data were collected using a learning needs assessment questionnaire developed based on nursing texts and literatures with calculated CVI equal to 0.91 and Chronbach Alpha equal to 0.87. It includes demographic information and 30 learning need for nurses. Nurses that had adequate experience in clinical nursing conveniently selected and determined their learning need.
Results: Ten educational need priorities were determined with 314 nurses, included: tele-nursing (distance-care) (71.60%), hospital infection control and personal protection (61.80%), new approaches of patient education (58.7%), professional communication (57.4%), safety and risk management (53.4%), wound nursing care and New way dressing (50.6%), Nursing research (49.5%), Nursing Law (48.1%), Nursing management (46.9%), Correct Reporting and documentation (46.3%) were among the top 10 education priorities, and over 45% of nurses needed full education.
Conclusion: Learning need assessment is an important and first step of educational planning for continuing education that can provide useful, effective and cost effective knowledge and skills for nurses.

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