Application of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) report of medication processing a private hospital

Abstract

Medication error is one of many adverse events that occur at a hospital, based on data from the Committee of Quality Improvement and Patient Safety in this hospital. This study aims to analyze failure modes and the effects of the medication process by using FMEA as a proactive risk reduction method in healthcare. The design of this study was cross-sectional. Data are obtained from incident reports and risk register of this hospital. In nature way, the writer analyzes the data descriptively. The FMEA process uses stages following JCI. For this activity, the FMEA produces failure modes, potential causes and potential effects. The highest Risk Priority Number (80) of failure modes is shown by the aspect of the lack of information about patients’ allergic history in medical records. The rate of 60% of the proposed redesign process is implemented in this hospital, and it manages to lower Risk Priority Number 64 points from 80 to 16.  Redesign Process using FMEA method can be used in reducing healthcare risk, and this research needs to be continued to observe the effectiveness of FMEA in reducing incident report in this hospital this year.

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