Antibacterial and solubility power differences of luting cement, resin reinforced glass ionomer, bioactive, and resin-based composite in dental restoration
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2, pp. 3779-3783
  • Published Online: 30 Sep 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)


There was still high caries incidence in abutment teeth (30.3%) in fixed denture treatment. One of the important components in luting cements to prevent caries in abutment teeth is the antibacterial and solubility properties of cement materials. This study aims to determine the difference of antibacterial activity and the solubility of three luting cements against S. mutans. 3 luting cement materials were RRGI (Fuji plus), Bioactive luting cement (Activa luting) and Resin Based composite (Relyx U200). Each of the materials had 7 samples sized of 5x1.5mm for antibacterial test against S. mutans and 15x1mm for solubility test. Data analysis was subsequently performed using an ANOVA test. There was a significant difference between the three luting cement in antibacterial tests against S. mutans, while in the solubility test gived no different to each other dental luting cements p = 0.107. Luting cement with the highest antibacterial is bioactive luting because the material can improve more hydroxyapatite and more fluorine against S. mutans.


  • Anusavice, K.J, Shen, C., Rawls, H.R. (2012). Philps science of dental material. 12th ed. WB Saunders Comp: Philadelphia. p. 307-12.
  • Curtis, R.V & Watson, T.F. (2014). Dental biomaterials: imaging, testing and modelling. Elsevier, Woodhead Pub.Ltd: Cambridge. England; p. 162-89.
  • Dworkin, O., Gerad, K., Cheen, L. (2018). What is bioactive dentistry? A review. dental continuing education today. ADA CERP. Course number: 217, p. 1-7.
  • Gerdole, D.A, Mortier, E., Jacquot, B., Paninghi, M.M. (2008). Water sorption and water solubility of current luting cement: An invitro study. Quintessence Int. 39(3):107-14.
  • Hamad, M. N., Ismail, M. M., & El-Menawy, R. K. (2016). Effect of Jameed Form on the Chemical Composition, Rheological and Microbial Properties. Journal of Food Technology Research, 3(2), 72-87.
  • Heshmat, H., Banava, S., Zarandi, P., Faraji, F. (2013). In-vitro evaluation of water sorption and solubility of g-cem and fujicem in water and acid. Autumn.;25(4):249-54.
  • International Organization for Standardization (2009). Dentistry-polymer-based filling, restorative and luting material,ISO 4049, 4th Ed.,Int org for stan. Switzerland: Geneva; p. 18-20.
  • Mayanagi, G., Igarash, i. K, Washio, J., Nakajo, K., Tawaraya, H.D, Takahashi, N. (2011). Evaluation of ph at the bacteria-dental cements interface. J Dent Res. 90(12):1446-50.
  • McLain Jean, E., Cytryn, E., Durso, L.M, Young, S. (2016). Culture-based methods for detection of antibotic resistance in agroecosystems: advantages, challenges, and gaps in knowledge. J Env Qual. Special section; p. 432-40.
  • Pameijer, C.H. (2013). a review of luting agents. Oral health group from: review-of-luting-agent. Accessed 2017 Agu 20.
  • Prasanthi, P.R. (2014). Daya anti bakteri pada glass ionomer cement, miracle mix dan nano resin-modified glass ionomersebagai bahan tumpatan.Thesis. Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga; p.5, 15-6.
  • Rosenstiel, S.F, Land, M.F, Fujimoto, J. (2016). Contemporary fixed prostodontics 5thed. Mosby Co: London; p. 1-20.
  • Sita, R.D, Rama, K.A, Venkata, R.A, Raju, M.A.A (2014). review of conventiomal and contemporary luting agents used in dentistry, Am J of Mat Sci and Eng: USA. 2(3): 28-35.
  • Supranto, J. (2007). Teknik sampling untuk survei dan eksperimen. Penerbit PT Rineka Cipta, Jakarta; p.20.
  • Unosson, E., Cai, Y., Jiang, X., Loof, J., Welch, K., Engqist, H. (2012). Antibacterial properties of dental luting agents: potential to hinder the development of secondary caries. Int J Dent. (10) :1-7.
  • Widiyasa, J. (2013) Perbedaan daya anti bakteri dan daya kelarutan macam-macam semen luting. Thesis.Surabaya:Universitas Airlangga; p. 27-34.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.