Abstract

Background: The therapeutic choice for managing osteoarthritis is total knee arthroplasty (TKA). One of the important things in preparation for TKA operations is the determination of implant size. The TKA prosthesis used in Indonesia is based on European population measurements, whereas the size of Asians is smaller than the size of the Caucasian. Purpose: This study aims to determine the anthropometric size of the femur bone in the distal part and the tibia of the proximal part. Method: The subjects were 100 knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. In the data analysis, the Pearson correlation test was used to determine the relationship between all parameters. Result: In the measurement of distal femur parameters, a significant relationship was found between TEA (p = 0,000), AML (p = 0,000), PML (p = 0,000), and AP group (p = 0.003) with sex/gender and age. There is a relationship between the proximal tibia of width parameters ML (p = 0,000 and p = 0.002), and MPW (p = 0,000 and p = 0,000) with sex/gender and age. MPH by age with p-value = 0.001. LPW by gender (p = 0.001), while other parameters have no significant relationship. Conclusion: that the size of the distal femoral parameters and the proximal tibia were not affected by the patient’s ethnicity and BMI but were significantly affected by age and sex/gender.

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