Analyzing changes in elemental composition of ecosystems under man-induced impact


Background: With the modern trend of urbanization of areas, the question about its impact on ecosystems becomes quite urgent. In spite of positive aspects arising at the result of urbanization, there is a probability of elemental composition of ecosystems being changed. These changes can not only disrupt the internal exchange processes but also impair the population health.
Objective: The relevance of the research is associated with the necessity of studying the changes in elemental composition of soil – the ecosystem constituent impacting the human health. With regard to this, the paper is aimed at identifying any change in elemental composition of ecosystems and their influence on human diseases.
Materials and Methods: The methodology of this research is based on assessing the pollution of soils that is viewed from a twofold standpoint: the danger of negative consequences emerging for soil as the basic component of ecosystems due to its stability impaired and that for the population health. The leading method for studying this problem is the analysis of soil samples that ensures an integrated view of any change occurring in the elemental composition of soils.
Results: In the paper, the results of reconnaissance surveys are presented that allow confirming the process of rapid urbanization, changes in the main soil indicators such as pH, humus, nitrates, ammonium nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, are identified, and grounds are given for the interrelation between the results obtained during laboratory studies and the impact on the human organism.
Conclusion: In this paper, the main methods of studying the elemental composition, the results and possible consequences for the population health are worded relying on the foreign and Russian literature sources. The materials of the paper are of practical value for researchers in the field of urban ecology, students of the ecology focus area, and scientists dealing with the impact of urbanization on the population health.


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