A wild edible vegetable Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl.: its ethnomedicinal, phytochemistry, nutritional importance and other uses
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Bello OM, Jagaba SM, Bello OE. A wild edible vegetable Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl.: its ethnomedicinal, phytochemistry, nutritional importance and other uses. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 1137-1147.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Bello et al., 2019)
Reference: Bello, O. M., Jagaba, S. M., & Bello, O. E. (2019). A wild edible vegetable Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl.: its ethnomedicinal, phytochemistry, nutritional importance and other uses. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 1137-1147.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Bello et al., 2019)
Reference: Bello, Oluwasesan Micheal, Safiya Mohammed Jagaba, and Oluwatoyin Eunice Bello. "A wild edible vegetable Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl.: its ethnomedicinal, phytochemistry, nutritional importance and other uses". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 1137-1147.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Bello et al., 2019)
Reference: Bello, O. M., Jagaba, S. M., and Bello, O. E. (2019). A wild edible vegetable Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl.: its ethnomedicinal, phytochemistry, nutritional importance and other uses. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 1137-1147.

MLA
In-text citation: (Bello et al., 2019)
Reference: Bello, Oluwasesan Micheal et al. "A wild edible vegetable Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl.: its ethnomedicinal, phytochemistry, nutritional importance and other uses". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 1137-1147.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Bello OM, Jagaba SM, Bello OE. A wild edible vegetable Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl.: its ethnomedicinal, phytochemistry, nutritional importance and other uses. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):1137-47.

Abstract

Many edible and varieties of vegetables though neglected, are indigenous to developing nations like Nigeria, these underutilized vegetables are perceived to be health promoting beside their culinary endowment. However, these vegetables i.e. Anchomanes difformis are yet to attract much attention from larger populace and researchers. The leaves and tubers of A. difformis are employed in folk medicines and as food. Literatures have shown that its traditionally uses are not limited to these i.e. anuria, asthma, constipation, epilepsy, diabetes, diarrhea, jaundice, heartburns, hernia, rheumatism and tuberculosis. Its phytochemistry showed that only five compounds were reportedly isolated i.e. Anchominines A, Anchominines B, 12-heptadecenoic acid, hexa-decanoic acid and β-stigmasterol. Though there are presence of phenolic compounds like catechins, épicatechins and tannins. The antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the tubers and leaves reported by different authors is quite satisfying among many other biological activities. The reason for this article is to review evidences available in scientific literature on the observed biological (in vitro and vivo studies), medicinal importance, phytochemistry and many other uses of various parts of this uncultivated but eaten plant species, making obvious the hidden benefits that this plant species possesses. Most countries in the West Africa recognize A. difformis has a non-cultivated vegetable eaten by many especially the tubers but first-hand information about its origin, geographical distribution, ethnomedicinal uses, nutritional importance, as well as its phytochemistry is rare, more studies are needed to establish its importance. Modern metabolomics may be employed to help researchers know the compounds responsible for some of its activities.

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